Quick & dirty little studies for (maybe) larger pieces. I like to make a mess with paint after sketching to figure out composition and colors. (I like to make a mess with paint, period.) In all honesty, they are sort of like paint-sketches, or is that the definition of a study? They are acrylic, karat liqua, and crayon on book pages. Farmer Boy, if you wanted to know. Scandalized at first by the idea of trashing books, I just sort of realized I could start with books that were already falling apart.